Cooking: units and vocabulary

Cooking: units and vocabulary
Photo by Piret Ilver / Unsplash

Units

  • 1 cup = 236mL
    A cup is a unit of volume. To convert in grams, it depends on the ingredient!
  • 1 oz = 28.35g
    An ounce (or avoirdupod ounce) is a unit of mass
  • 1 fl. oz = 28.41mL (in UK imperial fluid ounce) or 29.57mL (in US customary fluid ounce, which is also different from the food labelling fluid ounce of exactly 30mL which is used on packaging)

Difference types of rising agents (levures)

It's so confusing sometimes. Good to have a summary here:

Fran癟ais English Dansk
Levure chimique Baking powder Bagepulver
Bicarbonate de soude Baking soda Natron
Levure Yeast G疆r
  • Baking soda is a baking ingredient that's activated by a liquid and an acid to help with leavening, or rising
  • Baking powder is a complete leavening agent, meaning it contains both baking soda and an acidic ingredient (such as cream of tartar -- cr癡me de tartare i.e. hydrog矇notartrate de potassium). It also sometimes contains some corn starch (amidon de ma簿s) to preserve the powder over time.
    Baking soda is 3 to 4 times stronger than baking powder.
  • Yeast on contrary to the two previous ones, is living matter.